Novell ZENworks Configuration Management PreBoot Service Opcode 0x4c Stack Buffer Overflow Vulnerability
ZENworks Configuration Management is an endpoint management solution. It is used to inventory assets (computers), deploy software and patches, and administer client computers from a centralized management console. The software suite consists of numerous system services, one of which is the Preboot Service. This is used to perform imaging operations on client disks before boot time.
Remote exploitation of a stack based buffer overflow vulnerability in Novell Inc.'s ZENworks Configuration Management could allow an attacker to execute arbitrary code with the privileges of the affected service.
The vulnerability occurs when processing incoming requests to the Preboot Service. The request contains binary opcodes used to specify different functionality, and ascii/binary arguments to these commands. Using the opcode 0x4c, it is possible to trigger a strcpy() like function that fails to verify the length of data from the request buffer. This data is copied into a fixed size stack buffer, leading to an exploitable buffer overflow.
Exploitation of this vulnerability results in the execution of arbitrary code with the privileges of the affected service. The service runs under a special create created by the installer, which is a member of the Administrators group. In order to exploit this vulnerability, an attacker needs the ability to connect to the target over ports 3037. No authentication is necessary. Exploitation is relatively simple, as the vulnerability is a stack based buffer overflow. It is possible to overwrite various pointers located on the stack, and to corrupt the saved instruction pointer.
iDefense has confirmed the existence of this vulnerability in ZENworks Configuration Management version 184.108.40.2062 on the Windows platform.
If remote imaging is not being used, then the Preboot Service can be disabled with the following command:
net stop "Novell ZENworks Preboot Service"
This will prevent exploitation of the vulnerability.
Novell has released patches and workarounds to address this vulnerability. For more information, consult their advisory at the following URL.
The Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) project has assigned the name CVE-2011-3176 to this issue. This is a candidate for inclusion in the CVE list (http://cve.mitre.org/), which standardizes names for security problems.
08/10/2011 Initial Vendor Notification
08/11/2011 Initial Vendor Reply
03/14/2012 Coordinated Public Disclosure
This vulnerability was reported to iDefense by Luigi Auriemma.
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