Novell ZENworks Configuration Management PreBoot Service Opcode 0x21 Arbitrary File Download Vulnerability
ZENworks Configuration Management is an endpoint management solution. It is used to inventory assets (computers), deploy software and patches, and administer client computers from a centralized management console. The software suite consists of numerous system services, one of which is the Preboot Service. This is used to perform imaging operations on client disks before boot time.
Remote exploitation of a file download vulnerability could allow an attacker to steal sensitive information from the target system.
The vulnerability occurs when processing incoming requests to the Preboot Service. The request contains binary opcodes used to specify different functionality, and ascii/binary arguments to these commands. Using the opcode 0x21, it is possible to use a directory traversal attack to specify the path of an arbitrary file on the file system. The content of this file will be read in, and sent back to the attacker. On Windows, the service runs with the privileges of a special Novell user, which is a member of the Administrators group. This allows read access to most files on the file system.
Exploitation of this vulnerability results in the disclosure of sensitive information. In order to exploit this vulnerability, an attacker needs the ability to connect to the target over ports 3037. No authentication is necessary. Exploitation is trivial and reliable, as an attacker simply provides the path to the desired file and then reads it back.
iDefense has confirmed the existence of this vulnerability in ZENworks Configuration Management version 184.108.40.2062 on the Windows platform.
If remote imaging is not being used, then the Preboot Service can be disabled with the following command:
net stop "Novell ZENworks Preboot Service"
This will prevent exploitation of the vulnerability.
Novell has released patches and workarounds to address this vulnerability. For more information, consult their advisory at the following URL.
A Mitre Corp. Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) number has not been assigned yet.
08/10/2011 Initial Vendor Notification
08/11/2011 Initial Vendor Reply
03/14/2012 Coordinated Public Disclosure
This vulnerability was reported to iDefense by Luigi Auriemma.
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